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Environmental Protection

Quick Facts

  • Ethiopia is one the top 25 biodiversity-rich countries in the world and hosts at least two of the world’s biodiversity hotspots, namely the Eastern Afromontane and the Horn of Africa hotspots
  • Ethiopia’s charismatic flagship species; the gelada (an endemic genus, Theropithecus, and the world’s only grazing primate), the mountain nyala, the Ethiopian wolf, the walia ibex, and the giant lobeliaEthiopia loses 50,000-150,000 hectare of forest cover every year
  • Outstanding bio-physical features of Ethiopia includes the standing lava lake of Erta’Ale, the sulphur formations of Dallol, and the spectacular Rift Valley escarpments of the Simien Mountains and Abune Yosef
  • Ethiopia loses 1.5 billion tones of top soil every year
  • Ethiopia has 2.6 billion m3 of ground water potential
  • In Ethiopia, agriculture employees more than 80% of the labor force, accounts 45% of GDP and makes up 85% of the export revenues
  • It is estimated in Ethiopia that as much as 97% of the original vegetation has been lost in the highlands and that 95% has been degraded in the eastern lowlands
  • For the last five years, FfE has so far awarded a total of 93 national and 367 regional Green Heroes in the National Green Award Program
  • Biomass is the major source of energy in Ethiopia accounting for 97% of the total domestic energy consumption
  • Solar energy potential of Ethiopia is 5 KWh/m2/day
  • Wind energy potential of Ethiopia ranges between 3-9 m/s
  • Geothermal energy potential of Ethiopia is 700MW
  • Ethiopia’s irrigation agriculture accounts for less than 1% of the total cultivated land
  • Currently about 640,857 hectares of forest lands in Ethiopia are managed under Participatory Forest Management (PFM) schemes
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Forest Resources Assessments defines ‘forest’ as “land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 meters and a canopy cover of more than 10 percent, or trees able to reach these thresholds in situ
  • Contacts

    Tel: +251 115 521015 / 115 521662
    Fax: +251 115 521034
    P.O.Box: 10386 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


    Green Award

    Green Award


    Green Award Program (GAP) is an environment award program which is initiated and implemented by Forum for Environment with the financial assistance from SIDA/SLUF Environment Program. The annual award program recognizes, acknowledges and celebrates initiatives and outstanding achievements of individuals as well as institutions in protecting and enhancing the environment. H.E Green Hero Girma Woldegiorgis, President of F.D.R.E is the patron of GAP since the beginning of the program in 2006.The criteria of GAP seriously considers gender when selection of winners. GAP has recently instituted a Media category awarding individual journalists and media institutions working on tourism and environment in collaboration with Ethiopian Sustainable Tourism Alliance (ESTA).